Quick Facts

  • The two most common fibromyalgia symptoms are widespread chronic pain and debilitating fatigue.

  • The majority of people who have fibromyalgia are women—about 80% to 90% of people diagnosed with fibromyalgia are women. But men and children can have fibromyalgia also.

  • There are 18 tender points—a classic fibromyalgia symptom—located all over the body, including on the neck, chest, back, and knees. Patients who have fibromyalgia experience pain in at least 11 of the 18 tender points.

  • Many people with fibromyalgia have memory and concentration problems. This is often referred to as "brain fog" or "fibro fog."

  • Fibromyalgia usually doesn't have just one main cause. Instead, many factors can contribute to developing this chronic pain condition, such as your genes, an injury, or trauma.

  • Being overweight or obese may trigger fibromyalgia. But maintaining a healthy weight can reduce fibromyalgia symptoms.

  • Eating a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids—which are found in foods, such as salmon, flaxseed, walnuts, and olive oil—can help reduce fibromyalgia-related pain. If you don't like these foods, you can take a fish oil supplement to boost your omega-3s.

  • Exercise is a very important part of fibromyalgia treatment. Try to incorporate aerobic, strengthening, and flexibility exercises as part of a regular exercise program to help treat pain and other fibromyalgia symptoms.

  • If you have another pain condition—rheumatoid arthritis, for example—you may be more susceptible to developing fibromyalgia.